Clinical Studies

Clinical studies

Our products have featured in a variety of clinical studies to assess the value of simulation and artificial intelligence in advancing ultrasound.


Identifying anatomical structures on ultrasound: assistive artificial intelligence in ultrasound-guided regional anesthesia


Advanced life support 2.0—Echo-assisted life support (eALS)?

Herman Chih-Heng Chang, Wan-Ching Lien, Wei-Tien Chang, Chien-Hua Huang | A prospective study was conducted from November 2019 to June 2020, and 15 emergency and 8 internal medicine residents of the National Taiwan University Hospital, who had passed the ALS provider course, attended the half-day course including pre-test, didactics, small-group hand-on training (instructor: trainees, 1:3), and post-course assessment.


What do end‐users think about simulation in obstetrical and gynaecological ultrasound?

N.J. Hajal, G.E. Chalouhi, V. Bernardi, L.J. Salomon, Y. Ville ScanTrainer | This study sheds light on the importance of the simulation experience in the learning, practicing, and evaluation process of obstetrical and gynecological US. The majority appreciated the realistic images, probe sensation, and its importance as a teaching tool. The simulation experience carried out in […]


Validation of a virtual reality simulator for the use of transvaginal ultrasonography in gynaecology and early pregnancy

Maya Al‐Memar BSc, MRCOG, Srdjan Saso BSc, PhD, MRCOG, MRCS, Shabnam Bobdiwala BSc, MBBS, Lieveke Ameye MSc, PhD, Sharmistha Guha MRCOG, Karen Joash MRCOG ScanTrainer | The objective of this study was to validate a virtual reality simulation ultrasound model as a tool for training in the use of transvaginal ultrasonography in gynaecology and early pregnancy…


Gynaecological ultrasound simulator: a new method for trainees’ evaluation

G.E. Chalouhi, V. Bernardi, S. Benedetti, S. Brun, T. Bultez, M. Dommergues, Y. Ville ScanTrainer | For the time being, evaluating trainees in gynecological ultrasound is a very delicate matter, for the trainee, the volunteering patient and the physician recruiting her. The TV ultrasound training simulator is a good tool to evaluate trainees in normal and […]


What is the construct validity for Medaphor ScanTrainer’s gynaecological and early pregnancy modules

Ficquet, J. Preshaw, F. Day, C. Burden, E. Lenguerrand, S. Grant, C. Overton, T. Draycott ScanTrainer | This study concluded that Intelligent Ultrasound’s (formerly known as Medaphor) ScanTrainer distinguishes between gynaecologists of differing ultrasound expertise in terms of completing a comprehensive and systematic transvaginal scan and measurement accuracy. This system has sufficient construct validity to warrant […]


Is simulation training only for inexperienced trainees? a multicenter randomized trial exploring the effects of simulation-based ultrasound training on obstetricians’ diagnostic accuracy

Lisbeth Anita Andreasen, Ann Tabor, Lone Nikoline Nørgaard, Charlotte Ringsted, Puk Sandager, Susanne Rosthøj, Martin Grønnebæk Tolsgaard ScanTrainer | This study explores the effects of simulation-based ultrasound training on diagnostic accuracy of fetal weight estimates among obstetricians with different levels of clinical experience…


The integration of transabdominal ultrasound simulators into an ultrasound curriculum

KE Orr, SC Hamilton, R Clarke, MY Adi, C Gutteridge, P Suresh, and SJ Freeman ScanTrainer | Using simulators early in training could allow trainees to master the basics, improve their confidence, enabling them to get more educational value from clinical ultrasound experience while reducing the impact of training on service provision…


Collecting validity evidence for the assessment of mastery learning in simulation-based ultrasound training

L. Dyre, L. N. Nørgaard, A. Tabor, M. E. Madsen, J. L. Sørensen, C. Ringsted, M. Tolsgaard ScanTrainer | The purpose of this study was to collect validity evidence for the assessment of mastery learning on a virtual reality transabdominal ultrasound simulator. This study found that validity evidence for the assessment of mastery learning in simulation-based ultrasound […]


Assessment of performance measures and learning curves for use of a virtual-reality ultrasound simulator in transvaginal ultrasound examination

M. E. Madsen, L. Konge, L. N. Nørgaard, A. Tabor, C. Ringsted, A. K. Klemmensen, B. Ottesen and M. G. Tolsgaard ScanTrainer | Gynaecological ultrasound competence can be assessed in a valid and reliable way using virtual reality simulation. The novices’ performances improved with practice and their learning curves plateaued at the level of expert performance, which […]